Brown, Robert

► (1773-1858) Botánico británico. Descubrió el movimiento browniano. Estudió la flora australiana.

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(21 dic. 1773, Montrose, Angus, Escocia.–10 jun. 1858, Londres, Inglaterra) Botánico escocés.

Hijo de un clérigo, estudió medicina en Aberdeen y Edinburgo, posteriormente entró al ejército británico como portaestandarte y cirujano asistente (1795). Obtuvo el cargo de naturalista abordo de un barco destinado a hacer un estudio topográfico de las costas australianas (1801), durante el viaje recolectó cerca de 3.900 especies de plantas. Publicó parte de los resultados de su viaje en 1810 en su clásico Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae..., que sentó las bases de la botánica australiana y refinó los sistemas imperantes de clasificación de plantas. En 1827 traspasó la colección botánica de Joseph Banks al Museo Británico y pasó a ser el encargado del departamento de botánica recién formado. Al año siguiente publicó sus observaciones sobre el fenómeno que sería llamado movimiento browniano. En 1831 descubrió la existencia del núcleo en la célula vegetal. Fue el primero en reconocer la distinción entre gimnospermas y angiospermas (plantas con flor).

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Brown,Robert — Brown, Robert. 1773 1858. Scottish botanist known for his investigation of the sexual behavior of plants. His discovery of the irregular movement of pollen grains led to the concept known as Brownian movement. * * * …   Universalium

  • Brown, Robert — born Dec. 21, 1773, Montrose, Angus, Scot. died June 10, 1858, London, Eng. Scottish botanist. The son of a clergyman, he studied medicine in Aberdeen and Edinburgh before entering the British army as an ensign and assistant surgeon (1795). He… …   Universalium

  • Brown , Robert — (1773–1858) British botanist Brown, a clergyman s son from Montrose, Scotland, studied medicine at Edinburgh University. He joined the Fifeshire Regiment of Fencibles in 1795 and served five years in Ireland as a medical officer. During a visit… …   Scientists

  • BROWN, ROBERT —    a distinguished botanist, born at Montrose, son of an Episcopal clergyman; accompanied an expedition to survey the coast of Australia in 1801, returned after four years exploration, with 4000 plants mostly new to science, which he classified… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Brown, Robert Hanbury — ▪ 2003       British astronomer (b. Aug. 31, 1916, Aravankadu, India d. Jan. 16, 2002, Andover, Hampshire, Eng.), overcame scientific hurdles and the skepticism of his colleagues in the 1950s to invent the optical intensity spectrometer, a… …   Universalium

  • BROWN, Robert (1773-1858) — botanist was born at Montrose, Scotland, on 21 December 1773, the second son of the Rev. James Brown, Episcopalian minister at Montrose, and Helen, daughter of the Rev. Robert Taylor. He was educated at the Grammar School at Montrose, and in 1787 …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Brown, Robert Delford — (1930 Portland, Colorado ) (USA)    Pop and performance artist. Studied at Long Beach College and UCLA. Studied under Howard Warshaw. In the late 1970s he produced erotic tapestries and sometimes uses porno imagery in his works.    Reproductions …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Robert Brown (botanist) — Robert Brown FRS (21 December, 1773 ndash; 10 June, 1858) was a Scottish scientist who is acknowledged as the leading botanist to collect in Australia during the first half of the 19th century. He also is credited with the first observation of… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Brown — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Brown Robert Brown (1773–1858) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Brown (Botaniker) — Robert Brown Gemälde von Henry William Pickersgill Robert Brown (* 21. Dezember 1773 in Montrose; † 10. Juni 1858 in London) war ein schottischer Botaniker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „R.Br …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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